Sports physicals are physical examinations conducted as part of an athlete’s preparation for participation in sports. A sports physical is required in all 50 states before participation in high school sports. Also known as a pre-participation exam, a sports physical is conducted by a doctor, who may be the athlete’s personal doctor. Some parts of the sports physical may be conducted by a coach.
What is the Purpose of a Sports Physical?
Sports physicals are meant to assess the athlete’s:
- General health
- Current fitness level
- Existing injuries
- Physical and congenital conditions that might increase the risk of injury
- Level of physical maturity
What Should I Expect During a Sports Physical?
A sports physical consists of two parts: medical history and a current physical evaluation. The medical history portion of the exam looks at some or all of the following:
- Family medical history, especially serious illness
- Immunizations, especially tetanus
- Menstrual cycle
- Vision correction and dental work, such as braces
- Past history of fractures, concussions, and heatstroke
- Excessive weight loss or gain
- Past history of dizziness or fainting
- The use of alcohol, drugs, dietary supplements, and/or performance-enhancing drugs, such as steroids
The physical exam evaluates:
- Height and weight
- Blood pressure
The sports physical may also test the athlete’s flexibility and endurance. If all is well, the doctor can sign a certificate stating that the athlete is in good health and is fit to participate in sports. If the doctor discovers a problem, he or she can work with the athlete on treatment or rehabilitation to prepare the athlete for participation in sports.
Where Do I Go for a Sports Physical?
Doctors Express conducts sports physicals. Our outstanding staff are friendly, professional and reliable. Call for an appointment.